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Cyber Crimes

The paper examines the cyber crimes. It suggests bringing these crimes under international crimes, which, however, is unlikely to receive sufficient support, formulation of an international model law on cyber crime is another suggestion based on which countries could legislate their cyber laws.

The world of Internet today has become a parallel form of life and living because with the availability of artificial intelligence and new technologies, we are now capable of doing things, which were not even imaginable few years ago. The Internet is fast becoming a way of life for millions of people and also a way of living because of growing dependence and reliance of the mankind on these machines. The advent of the computer has been a boon to students, lawyers, businessmen, teachers, doctors, researchers and also, of course, to the criminals.

Unauthorized access, damage to property, theft, fraud, mischief and the publication of obscene and indecent material are all familiar crimes. The expression ‘crime’ is defined as an act, which subjects the doer to legal punishment or any offence against morality, social order or any unjust or shameful act. The ‘offence’ is defined in the code of criminal procedure to mean as act or omission made punishable by any law for the time being in force. With the emergence of Internet, the traditional crimes have assumed new dimensions.

Types of Cyber Crimes

There have been various kinds of computer and Internet related crimes, which can be classified into the following heads:

a) Hacking without any intention to commit any further offence or crime.

b) Unauthorised access with intention to commit further offence. These can include theft, fraud, misappropriation, forgery, nuisance tempering with sourse code, publishing of information which is obsence in electronic form, etc.

c) Destruction of digital information through use of viruses.

 

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